Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Analisa Transmisi Harga Beras Petani-Konsumen Di Indonesia Periode Tahun 2000 – 2011

Firdaussy Yustiningsih, Widyono Soetjipto

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The expected goal of this research is (1) to analyze the price transmission between the farm level and the consumer level in rice sector, by using the Asymmetric Price Transmission approach with the asymmetric error correction model (AECM), and (2) to explain the factors that affect the level of market integration and rice price transmission between the farm level and the  consumers level, which associated with the condition of the structure and behavior of Indonesian rice middle man. Monthly series data of 2000 to 2011 at farm level and consumer level were used as sample data in analyzing vertical price transmission. Based on the model, the price transmission from the farm level to the consumer level is symmetric in the short term. Meanwhile in the long term, the price transmission is asymmetric. It means that the price transmission is caused by the long term factors, such as abuse of kekuatan pasar by the middle man and the government policy.


ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) untuk menganalisis transmisi harga antara tingkat petani dan tingkat konsumen di sektor beras, dengan menggunakan pendekatan Asymmetric Price Transmission dengan asymmetric error correction model (AECM), dan (2) untuk menjelaskan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat integrasi pasar dan transmisi harga beras antara tingkat petani dan tingkat konsumen, yang terkait dengan kondisi struktur dan perilaku dari pedagang perantara beras Indonesia. Data seri bulanan dari 2000-2011 di tingkat petani dan tingkat konsumen yang digunakan sebagai data sampel dalam menganalisis transmisi harga vertikal. Berdasarkan model, transmisi harga dari tingkat petani ke tingkat konsumen simetris dalam jangka pendek. Sementara dalam jangka panjang, transmisi harga asimetris. Ini berarti bahwa transmisi harga yang disebabkan oleh faktor-faktor jangka panjang, seperti penyalahgunaan kekuatan pasar oleh pedagang perantara dan kebijakan pemerintah.



Keywords


vertical price transmission; APT; AECM; marketing chain of rice; daya tawar

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acquah, H. G. dan E.E. Onumah. (2010). A Comparison of the Different Approaches to Detecting Asymmetry in Retail-Wholesale Price Transmission. American-Eurasian Journal of Scietific Research 5(1) : 60-66, 2010.

Alam, M.J. et al., (2010). Testing Asymmetric Price Transmission in the Vertical Supply Chain in De-Regulated Rice Markets In Bangladesh. Paper presented at American Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics 2010 AAEA, CAES & WAEA Joint Conference, Colorado, USA.

Boyd, M.S. dan B.W. Brorsen. (1988). Price Asymmetry in the U.S. Pork Marketing Channel, North Central Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol 10, 103-109.

BPS. (2012). Data Harga Bulanan Gabah Kering Panen Tingkat Petani Periode Tahun 2000 – 2011 dan Data Harga Bulanan Beras Eceran Tingkat Konsumen Periode Tahun 2000 – 2011.

Conforti, P. (2004). Price Transmission in Selected Agricultural Markets. Working Paper FAO Commoditiy and Trade Policy Research, No 7, March, 2004. http://www.fao.org/es/ESC/

Dodge, E. dan S. Gemessa. (2012). Food Security and Price Stabilization in Indonesia – Analysis of Policy Responses. Harvard Kennedy School of Government.

Goodwin, B.K. (April, 2006). Spatial and Vertical Price Transmission in Meat Markets. Paper presented at Workshop of Market Integration and Vertical and Spatial Price Transmission in Agricultural Markets. Kentucky, 2004.

Hassouneh, I., et al. (2012). Recent Developments in the Econometric Analysis of Price Transmission, Working Paper Transparency of Food Pricing No 2, January, 2012.

Karantininis, K. et al. (August, 2011) Price Transmission in the Swedish Pork Chain: Asymmetric non linear ARDL. Paper presented at the EAAE 2011 Congress, Zurich, Switzerland.

Kinnucan, H.W. dan O.D. Forker. (1987). Asymmetry in Farm-Retail Price Transmission for Major Dairy Products. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol 69, No 2, 285-292.

Kitaro, N. et al. (1999). Current Situation of Rice Distribution System in Indonesia. Research Institute for Development and Finance – Japan Bank for International Cooperation.

KPPU, (2007). Kajian Industri dan Perdagangan Sektor Industri Beras.

Meyer, J. dan S. von Cramon-Taubadel (2004). Asymmetric Price Transmission: A Survey. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol 55, No 3, 581-611.

Pratiwi, P. (2008). Efektivitas dan Perumusan Strategi Kebijakan Beras Nasional. Skripsi. Program Studi Manajemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Vavra, P. dan B.K. Goodwin (2005). Analysis of Price Transmission Along Food Chain. Working Papers OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, No 3, OECD Publishing.

Wixson, S.E. dan A.L. Katchova. (February, 2012). Price Volatility and Farm Income Stabilisation – Modelling Outcomes and Assesing Market and Policy Based Responses. Paper presented at 123rd EAAE Seminar, Dublin.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jke.v8i2.24

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats