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Analisa Transmisi Harga Beras Petani-Konsumen Di Indonesia Periode Tahun 2000 – 2011

Firdaussy Yustiningsih, Widyono Soetjipto



The expected goal of this research is (1) to analyze the price transmission between the farm level and the consumer level in rice sector, by using the Asymmetric Price Transmission approach with the asymmetric error correction model (AECM), and (2) to explain the factors that affect the level of market integration and rice price transmission between the farm level and the  consumers level, which associated with the condition of the structure and behavior of Indonesian rice middle man. Monthly series data of 2000 to 2011 at farm level and consumer level were used as sample data in analyzing vertical price transmission. Based on the model, the price transmission from the farm level to the consumer level is symmetric in the short term. Meanwhile in the long term, the price transmission is asymmetric. It means that the price transmission is caused by the long term factors, such as abuse of kekuatan pasar by the middle man and the government policy.


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) untuk menganalisis transmisi harga antara tingkat petani dan tingkat konsumen di sektor beras, dengan menggunakan pendekatan Asymmetric Price Transmission dengan asymmetric error correction model (AECM), dan (2) untuk menjelaskan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat integrasi pasar dan transmisi harga beras antara tingkat petani dan tingkat konsumen, yang terkait dengan kondisi struktur dan perilaku dari pedagang perantara beras Indonesia. Data seri bulanan dari 2000-2011 di tingkat petani dan tingkat konsumen yang digunakan sebagai data sampel dalam menganalisis transmisi harga vertikal. Berdasarkan model, transmisi harga dari tingkat petani ke tingkat konsumen simetris dalam jangka pendek. Sementara dalam jangka panjang, transmisi harga asimetris. Ini berarti bahwa transmisi harga yang disebabkan oleh faktor-faktor jangka panjang, seperti penyalahgunaan kekuatan pasar oleh pedagang perantara dan kebijakan pemerintah.


vertical price transmission; APT; AECM; marketing chain of rice; daya tawar

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