Evaluasi Efisiensi Kereta Api Penumpang di Pulau Jawa dengan Metode Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Tahun 2008-2010

Anggraita Primatami

Abstract


This research aims to determine the efficiency of 50 passenger trains in Java Island during 2008-2010 by using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Input variables consist of average age of locomotives, number of trains, and energy. Output variables consist of volume of passengers, passenger kilometers, passenger train kilometers, and average speed. The results show that 31 trains are efficient in 2008 and 30 trains are efficient in 2009 and 2010. Over all, 27 trains are efficient for three consecutive years, 16 trains are inefficient, and 7 trains are fluctuated. Solution suggestion to improve efficiency is by reducing the input used.


Keywords


Efficiency; Passenger Trains in Java Island; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

References


Adisasmita, R. (2010). Dasar-dasar Ekonomi Transportasi. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Banker, R. D., A. Charnes, dan W. W. Cooper. (1984). ‘Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis’. Management Science, Vol. 30, No. 9: 1078-1092.

Badan Pusat Statistik (2010), Laporan Statistik Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik Jakarta

Nicholson, W. (2002). Teori Mikroekonomi: Prinsip Dasar dan Perluasan. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara.

PT. Kereta Api Indonesia (2010), Data Statistik.

Ramanathan, R. (2003). An Introduction to Data Envelopment Analysis: A Tool for Performance Measurement. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Smith, P. C. dan Street, A. (2005). ‘Measuring The Efficiency of Public Services: The Limits of Analysis’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), Vol. 168, No. 2: 401-417.

Stone, M. (2002). ‘How Not to Measure The Efficiency of Public Services (and How One Might)’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), Vol. 165, No. 3: 406-434.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jke.v7i1.44

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats