Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Analisis Pengaruh Investasi di Sektor Transportasi dan Penurunan Subsidi Bahan Bakar Minyak terhadap Perekonomian Indonesia

Suryani Widarta

Abstract


This study is intended to show that the transportation system has played a very important role in economic development, especially in production and distribution activities. Potential differentiation between regions makes transportation become more important to distribute goods and services to fulfill those needs. By using the SAM and the SPA analysis the objectives of this study are to (i) analyze the effect of transportation to industries/production sectors, production factors and institutions, (ii) identify the effect path of transportation on household income, (iii) analyze the effect of transportation investment to economy sectors and institutions, and (iv) analyze the effect of reducing petroleum subsidy to household income.  The research show that investment on transportation will improve the economic development, through output creation, as well as the household and firm income, especially for both lower and upper classes of non agriculture household in urban area. The policy of lowering petroleum rill subsidy has more impact to the lower class of non agriculture household in urban area and rural area, as well as the upper class in urban area. However, in term of saving ratio, household agricultural workers and Non labor force household in rural area are those who get more burdens

Keywords


transportation; SAM; investment; petroleum subsidy

Full Text:

PDF

References


BPS (2000), Publikasi Sistem Neraca Sosial Ekonomi Indonesia, Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta..

BPS (2005), Draft Publikasi Sistem Neraca Sosial Ekonomi Indonesia, Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.

BPS (2007), Publikasi Pendapatan Nasional, Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.

BPS (2005), Publikasi Input Output Indonesia, Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.

Defourny, Jacques dan Erik Thorbecke (1984), “Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within A Social Accounting Matrix Framework”,Royal Economic Society: Economic Journal, Volume 94.

Departemen Perhubungan (2006), Publikasi Statistik Perhubungan, Departemen Perhubungan, Jakarta.

Departemen Perhubungan (2004), “Laporan Tahunan”. Departemen Perhubungan, Jakarta.

Departemen Perhubungan (2005), “Laporan Tahunan”, Departemen Perhubungan, Jakarta.

Departemen Perhubungan (2006), “Laporan Tahunan”, Departemen Perhubungan, Jakarta.

Departemen Keuangan (2008), ”Data Subsidi”, Direktorat Kebijakan Fiskal Departemen Keuangan, Jakarta.

ESDM (2007), Statistik Energi, Departemen Energi Sumber Daya dan Mineral, Jakarta.

Hartono, Djoni dan Budy P. Resosudarmo (1998), “Eksistensi Matriks Pengganda Dan Dekomposisi Matriks Pengganda Pyatt dan Round dari Sistem Neraca Sosial Ekonomi”,,Ekonomi dan Keuangan Indonesia, Vol.XLVI(4).

Irfan, Ahmad (2003), “Perang Tarif Angkutan Udara Merugikan Usaha Transportasi Laut dan Darat di Indonesia”, Jurnal Manajemen Transportasi IV(2).

Lieb, Robert C. (1985), Transportation. Third Edition, Prentice-Hall Company, Reston Virginia.

Nazara, Suahasil (1997), Analisis Input Output, Penerbit FEUI, Jakarta.

Round, Jeffery (2001), Social Accounting Matrices And SAM-base Multiplier Analysis, University Warwick, United Kingdom.

Todaro, Michael P. (1987), Pembangunan Ekonomi Di Dunia Ketiga, Edisi Ketiga, Penerbit Erlangga, Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jke.v5i1.65

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats